Seminar on Re-assessing Macronutrients Need – Quality, Requirement and Current Intake
03/05/2017 – 04/05/2017
8:20 am – 1:30 pm
Compass Skyview Hotel
The 2015 WHO dietary guidelines state that energy balance is critical in maintaining a healthy body weight and ensuring optimal nutrient intake. The guidelines mention that the exact make-up of a diversified, balanced and healthy diet will vary depending on individual needs (eg, age, gender, lifestyle, degree of physical activity), cultural context, locally available foods and dietary customs. For adults, the basic requirements for fat intake include: less than 30% of total energy intake from fat (using poly- or monounsaturated fat rather than saturated fat) with intake from trans-fat not exceeding 1%. Among populations with inadequate total energy intake such as those in developing countries, a 2008 FAO/WHO report recommended a minimum fat intake level of 15% energy (6-11% energy from total PUFA comprising n-6 and n-3 fatty acids) to ensure adequate consumption of total energy, essential fatty acids, and fat soluble vitamins. According to a WHO/FAO report in 2007, recommendations for protein are pegged on a safe level of intake of 0.83 g/kg /day for proteins with a protein digestibility-corrected amino acid score value of 1.0.
The Institute of Medicine (IOM) has also provided specific recommendations in terms of Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution Ranges (AMDRs) for carbohydrate, protein, fat, n-6 and n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids for specific age groups. For adults, AMDR for carbohydrate, protein, and fat is estimated at 45-65%, 10-35%, and 20-35% of energy, respectively. No more than 25% of energy should be consumed as added sugars, while n-6 PUFA should comprise 5-10% of energy.
The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) has set the European dietary reference values as the following in 2010: intake of total carbohydrates should range from 45 to 60% of the total energy intake for both adults and children; intake of fats should range between 20-35% of the total energy intake. In 2012, EFSA has set the population reference intakes for protein to be 0.83g per kg body weight per day for adults.
In the Southeast Asia Region, there are also national dietary reference values such as DRI, RDI, RDA or RNI among the countries.
In the past few years, there have been new developments in the field of nutrition that impact recommendations for dietary intake distribution of macronutrients. This seminar aims to provide an overview of the most recent scientific knowledge regarding optimal macronutrient distribution, and discuss its implications for dietary recommendations in the region. The objectives are to:
1. Present new findings regarding macronutrient requirements and distribution for healthy population groups, and the health impacts.
2. Characterize the intake, distribution and main sources of macronutrients in Southeast Asian diets (based on recent national surveys).
3. Discuss issues and future research needs regarding macronutrient requirements and distribution, particularly for Southeast Asian countries undergoing a nutritional transition.
The Preliminary Program is available HERE.
Please click HERE to register.